27 Conclusions


A satisfying conclusion allows your reader to finish your paper with a clear understanding of the points you made and possibly even a new perspective on the topic.

Any one paper might have a number of conclusions, but as the writer you must consider who the reader is and the conclusion that you want them to reach. For example, is your reader relatively new to your topic? If so, you may want to restate your main points for emphasis as a way of starting the conclusion. (Don’t literally use the same sentence(s) as in your introduction, but come up with a comparable way of restating your thesis.) You’ll want to smoothly conclude by showing the judgment that you have reached is, in fact, reasonable.

Just restating your thesis isn’t enough. Ideally, you have just taken your reader through a strong, clear argument in which you have provided evidence for your perspective. You want to conclude by pointing out the importance or worthiness of your topic and argument. You could describe how the world would be different, or people’s lives changed, if they ascribed to your perspective, plan or idea.

You might also point out the limitations of the present understanding of your topic, and suggest or recommend future action, study or research that needs to be done. Finally you can also make some educated guesses on what the future may hold for your subject and those affected by it. (40)


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